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Triglav national park

Triglav national park is the only national park in Slovenia. It was established in its modern form in 1981 and is located in the northwestern part of the country, respectively the southeastern part of the Alpine massif. The park was named after the highest mountain of Slovenia, the Triglav, which is located nearly at the center of the park.


The primary aim of national parks worldwide is the protection of nature, conservation of outstanding nature and culture, protection of endemic, rare and threatened plant and animal species, natural ecosystems and elements of inanimate nature, as well as the conservation and maintenance of the cultural landscape.


Waters in Triglav National Park consist of two watersheds: the Sava River watershed and the Soča River watershed. Many waterfalls can be found in the park, and most of them are located in the valleys of Soča River and its tributaries.


The highest waterfall is Boka Falls (106 m). The lakes in the park are all of glacial origin. The largest among them is Lake Bohinj. Others are the Triglav Lakes (located in the Triglav Lakes Valley), Lake Krn, and Lower and Upper Križ Lake.


The Julian Alps, the mountain range covering a large part of the national park, mainly consist of limestone, which is responsible for the formation of high-altitude karst forms such as karren, potholes, abysses and pits and caves with watercourses functioning as underground connections of karst lakelets.


Plants, animals, fungi and lower organisms have developed adaptations to cope with the conditions in the environment; some are able to build more suitable homes, gather more food for the long winter, others produce protective hairs in cold periods or change the colour of skin, leaves or flowers due to radiation. Certain features have been passed from generation to generation, creating endemic species, unique to particular regions. 

The Triglav National Park prides itself on pure waters, deep-cut gorges, remains of virgin forests, richness of biodiversity, and an eldorado of mountain flowers. 
The park is the nesting ground for 84 bird species, a significant number of which are winter guests or peregrines. It is the natural habitat for golden eagles, capercaillie and black grouses. The capercaillie is the most threatened species, as its numbers are slowly, yet consistently decreasing. In summer months, griffon vultures can be seen soaring the sky above Krn of the Krn pastures.


Park trails differ from other routes and trails in that they offer more – more in terms of experiencing nature and cultural heritage and more in terms of recreation. In fact, both short, nature trails and proper park trails meet the general objectives of trails – they link a number of natural sights or cultural monuments into a whole, by providing guidance to visitors they indirectly contribute to nature conservation, present the park's assets and general park orientations and supplement the facilities and activities available. 

TNP has the following park trails:

  • the Soča Trail
  • the Tolminka troughs
  • the Triglavska Bistrica Trail in the Vrata valley
  • the Pokljuka Trail
  • the Radovna Cycle Route




Triglav national park



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